In the last post, I took a look at Hawking’s explanation for the current physical universe – analyzing the theoretical development using the standards of Place. Now, I’m going to take a turn and suggest an alternate theoretical development. I’ll put forth a theory to explain phenomena related to physical space, objects and the relative motion of objects. The context defined here is meant to represent a mental model of the physical universe.

——–Begin Massfluid-Time-Space Theory

Start with a blank context. Open a new empty mental space and call it the Context of Physics [CoP]. Now, conceive of an ideal fluid that is homogeneous and without structure. Call this ideal fluid massfluid. Determine that massfluid is present in the Context of Physics so that it completely fills the context.

Introduce time into the Context of Physics such that time fills part, not all, of the context. Time enables sequence, it also defines from -> to in a single direction.

Now conceive of physical space. Introduce physical space into the Context of Physics, displacing massfluid like a big bubble in the middle, such that space is present in time, but whereever space is present, massfluid is not present.

These set-up tasks result in the following axiom being true in the Context of Physics.

*Physical Stuff Axiom*

Massfluid, time, and physical space are present such that the presence of space determines: a) the absence of massfluid and b) the presence of time.

Introduce the meaning to cut. Now determine that massfluid has the ability to cut space such that massfluid effects separation but not destruction [in keeping with my theory of geometry called Space-Cut Theory]. Create point-like sources for mass to flow into space. Also create a point-like sinks for massfluid to exit space.

These set-up tasks lead to the following axiom.

*Ability to Cut Axiom*

Massfluid enters space at point-shaped sources and exits through point-shaped sinks and massfluid has the ability to make geometric cuts in space as it flows from source to sink.

Observe that the very successful equations that describe the behavior of electricity and magnetism, Maxwell’s equations, completely support the notion of sources and sinks (divergence and curl). The sources and sinks are perceived as “particles.”

Now, determine that the meanings of to push and to pull are present in the Context of Physics.

As massfluid enters space or moves through space (cutting it), it pushes on space and space pushes back – equal and opposite reactions. I assert that this interaction, space pushing on massfluid and massfluid pushing back, is the fundamental phenomenon involved in what we call gravity. [Proving this goes beyond the scope of this development.]

*Ability to Push Axiom*

At any boundary between space and massfluid, space pushes on massfluid and massfluid pushes on space such that the magnitude of the pushing force is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction.

The Ability to Push Axiom draws on insight from Sir Isaac Newton that for every action, there is an equal and opposite action. Experience with this law in classical mechanics gives insight about how essential this interaction is.

As massfluid enters space or moves through space (cutting it), it exhibits a kind of internal tension. Massfluid pulls on massfluid. The network of massfluid lines in space provide the means for perturbations, or waves, to propagate. Observation about the propogation of waves in “the vacuum” reveal a uniform tension (associated with the constant speed of light).

*Ability to Pull Axiom*

Massfluid pulls on massfluid creating a tension that pulls sources and sinks together; the direction is orthogonal to the pushing force and the magnitude of the pulling force is inversely proportional to the magnitude of the pushing force against space.

Consider that in the nucleus of an atom, there is very limited space, so that the tension in lines and planes of massfluid is very strong while the pushing force of space is relatively weak. In the distances between planets and stars, there is a lot of space, so the pushing force is stronger and the tension or pulling force is relatively weaker.

Following are some rules that govern the Context of Physics. Whether they can be deduced from axioms or need to be axioms themselves is a matter that is open for investigation.

The first rule is due to consistent observations regarding the conservation of energy. Note that the units of energy are made up of mass, distance and time. These are measurements respectively of massfluid, space, and time.

*P-Rule 1*: The total quantity of massfluid, time, and space remains fixed.

This rule implies that the means to destroy massfluid, space, and time is not present in the Context of Physics. It also implies that the rate of massfluid flowing into space is equal to the rate of massfluid flowing out of space.

*P-Rule 2*: A source-point is an origin for massfluid to flow in multiple directions, different characteristic distances:

•short-range

•medium-range

•long-range

This rule is established due to beta-decay, observations/knowledge regarding neutrinos, and the base of knowledge regarding electro-magnetic waves. The short-range massfluid lines are in the neutron. And perhaps these lines relate to observations of something akin to string vibrations that led to superstring theory. Medium-range flow goes to sinks associated with electrons in the same atom. Long-range flow goes to sinks associated with black holes at the center of stars and galaxies. The long-range massfluid lines provide a network of lines that E-M waves propagate on.

This network of long-range massfluid lines accounts for the constant speed of light. It is known through conventional physics that: “the speed of a wave along a stretched ideal string depends only on the tension and linear density of the string and not on the frequency of the wave.” The network of massfluid lines provide a 3-dimensional network of these ideal lines. The pushing force provides the mass-density of the lines and the pulling force provides the tension. These are constant over distances at the macro level. Thus, so is the speed of light constant.

*P-Rule 3*: Massfluid lines only intersect at sources or sinks

This rule is established due to the success of Michael Faraday’s research. In his visualization of field lines, this was one of his rules. Also, we know from geometry that unique lines require space between them.

——–End Massfluid-Time-Space Theory

There’s more to do, and more to explain, but this outlines start of a possibly helpful theory.

Now it’s your turn to poke holes and tell me the problems with this theory.